BOOKS:

First it should be noted that getting a B.A. without broadening your
reading experience is of significantly lesser value than simply jumping
through the required hoops to get the old sheepskin. You may have the
piece of paper, but you don't have the education it implies. Between
a high school education in a "prep school" coupled with a college
education in an Ivey League school and an education in public high
schools and state colleges one of the several primary differences
is the reading done by the students. (others include grammatical
literacy and the formation of life long social relationships that ease
the way to financial and/or political success)
Here are some books you would do well to read during the course
of your college education:


REMEMBER: Books on tape/CD provide every bit as valuable an
educational experience as reading from the written page. Furthermore,
said books are available in great abundance from the public library
for zero cost and you can request an interlibrary loan for those
that aren't locally available. Furthermore, those of you with IPods
can transfer books on CD to your IPod via your computer.

CATEGORIES:

Extra Credit

General

Parapsycology:


Extra Credit:

Cultural Anthropology 120 Extra Credit:

SHOGUN by James Clavell (1st 350 Pages only required).
An historically accurate fiction about a westerner coming into contact
with Japan. MANY anthropological dynamics are illustrated in this story.
The first 40 pages are just OK, but from the moment he sets foot on
Japanese soil, the history, intrigue, cultural interest, politics, suspense,
drama, spiritualism, etc, make this the best fiction I ever read.
Very long – but you can finish it later. Only 350 pages are required for
this assignment (PS: If you saw the TV mini-series, it was NOTHING
compared to this masterpiece of literature).

HANTA YO by Ruth Beebe HilL. "Historical fiction" inspired by an actual
buffalo hide depicting 100 years in the history (1700s-1800s) of a group of
Lacota Sioux. The author utilized old Lacota speakers to validate all she wrote
was in keeping with Lacota culture. GREAT book. Compelling read.

BACK TO THE TOP OF THE WORLD
by Hans Ruesch. (Out of print but easily available on line for a few bucks at any of several used book sources, such as Alibris). An extremely humorous and fascinating book about Polar Eskimos, of which there are only a couple hundred. MUCH better than the first book. This book illustrates how very different cultures can be and how environmental realities interact with culture. A
Police Officer comes to arrest the main character for murder and spends a season with him and his family after having his life saved. He realizes he is in the presence of the most profoundly innocent man he has
ever met.

THE RED TENT
by Anita Diamant Fictional/history set in Biblical times about Dinah, the daughter of Jacob and Leah. Fascinating study of the female roll in that culture in the time of shift from multiple deities and
a concept of a female godhead to a monotheistic male godhead orientation.

Physical Anthropology Extra Credit:

THE SEVEN DAUGHTERS OF EVE: The Science That Reveals Our Genetic Ancestry
by Bryan Sykes - Using genetic technology and the discovery of an
immutable strand of maternal DNA, Sykes, a professor of genetics
at Oxford University, proposes that all humans have descended from
seven prehistoric women. More interesting and easy to understand
than it sounds.

WONDERFUL LIFE: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History
by Stephen Jay Gould -The story of how the Burgess Shale came to be,
of its creatures, attempts to classify them, and where they fit into the scheme of evolution.

THE DAY THE UNIVERSE CHANGED, James Burke – Paradigm Shifts: when a change in knowledge radically altered humankind's understanding of itself and its world. Fascinating reading.
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General Reading:
(these are books everyone would do well to have "under one's belt." Reading
{or listening to audio versions} of these books will contribute greatly to your
credibility as an educated person ):

At a minimum include:

HOW TO WIN FRIENDS & INFLUENCE PEOPLE by Dale Carnegie. Definitely
the best book with the worst title ever. This was a best seller in the first part of the
20th century when it was released and continues to sell well to this day. I refused to
read this book until I was in my late 50s due to its off putting title. However, I was
astonished at the wealth of information I had denied myself for so many years. This
book leads you through examples of behavior from Ben Franklin, Abraham Lincoln
and many, many more who mastered the ability to encourage others, increase their
self esteem and influence their behavior in positive ways while also getting what you
want at the same time . The title sounds like a "how to manipulate people" manual,
but that would be like calling Mother Theresa "an ok broad." With the exception of
SHOGUN
I have never read another book more than once. I have read this book 4 times
and expect to read it several more times. It really is that good.

THE CATCHER IN THE RYE by J. D. Salinger. An alienated teenaged boy
narrates his thoughts on the alienation from a culture that demands conformity
and fails to provide the intimate relationships needed to thrive. Salinger wrote
several other books before his untimely death - all of which are well worth
reading.

ON THE ROAD by Jack Kerouac. Travels by the person who coined the term,
"beat" in reference to the generation coming of age immediately following WWII.
Critics considered it the most profound utterances by his generation - it really
didn't "catch on" until the midle/late 1960s when "the beat generation" gave
birth to what ultimately would be called "the counter cultere" or "hippies" a
decade and a half later. This work and the book of poems, HOWL by the genius
poet, Allen Ginsberg were key influences in the thoughts which exploded in the
late 60s.


DANTE'S INFERNO: A depiction of the various levels of hell as envisioned
by developing Western Culture in the middle centuries. This work is
repeatedly cited in a wide variety of situations and most definitely NOT
confined to academic settings. A reasonably short read and interesting.
It also makes it clear that the entire concept of "hell" is of cultural (not
spiritual) origine.

BEING AND NOTHINGNESS Sartre. Ya gotta read at least one of this
guy's pieces of work, and this one is as good as any. This dude was
on a major negative trip. Fortunately, it is not catching and his work
constitutes the basis of existentialism.

John Steinbeck: Arguably the best American author of the 20th
century. Any and all of his works are very good, but you should
definitely include at least 3 the following as a minimum:
CANNERY ROW: delightful and insightful – life in Monterey
with a cast including a Dr. of Oceanography, bums and prostitutes.
EAST OF EDEN: The tragedy of a rejected son. After reading it, definitely
see the movie – the first of only 3 movies featuring James Dean and
illustrating why be became a legend.
THE GRAPES OF WRATH – A story of an Oklahoma family during the
dust bowl years. A stunning portrayal of the desperation of the Great
Depression and an indisputable argument for the need for unions, a testiment
of the distructive nature of humans on the environment and much more.
OF MICE AND MEN – The story of two friends, one mentally retarded,
who are just trying to get by as farm hands. (this one is a bit of a downer)
TORTILLA FLATS - The Mexican American community in the
Central Valley/Monterey area of California.


Ernest Hemingway – some consider his writing superior to
Steinbeck (I am not among them).
THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA (actually, a long short story). Fabulous
tale of an old Cuban fisherman, his thoughts and memories during the
fishing for and landing of a monstrous marlin. WAY better than it sounds.
In my opinion, Hemingway's best work.
THE SUN ALSO RISES
FOR WHOM THE BELL TOLLS
DEATH IN THE AFTERNOON
THE SHORT HAPPY LIFE OF FRANCIS MACOMBER
(A very short story)

Mark Twain
Unquestionably the greatest American writer of the 19th Century, read
AT LEAST these two:
LETTERS FROM THE EARTH
while best known for Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer Twain demonstrates
in these stories and essays his dark humor and disdain for "The Damned Human
Race."
Annotated HUCKLEBERRY FINN
"All Modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called
Huckleberry Finn, "...Ernest Hemingway. First published in1885, it is still
banned in many schools and libraries. A boy's "conscience" (shaped by cultural
mores) is at conflict with his heart as he floats down the Mississippi with an
adult runaway slave. (Be SURE you don't get one of the "revised," politically
correct texts that did away with the word, "Nigger" as this word speaks volumes
about the suppression of a caste system in the history of the US).

UNCLE TOM'S CABIN Harriet Beecher Stowe 1852 initially released in
serial format in the National Era, a weekly newspaper, from June 5, 1851-April 1,
1852. A best seller, the book changed forever how Americans viewed slavery.
It galvanized the abolition movement and contributed so strongly to the outbreak
of the war between the North & South that when Abraham Lincoln met the
author he remarked, "So, this is the little lady who started the Civil War."
Unfortunately, the title character, while actually embodying the spirit of
Christianity, became known among African-Americans as a symbol of
the obedient slave mentality. One striking element of the book is
how racist and stereotyping the author was - yet she was the ne-ultra
"liberal" of her day. This is a short and easy read. I am the slowest reader
I know and I read it in two evenings.

William Shakespeare

Shakespeare is always better experienced by viewing a play than reading
on one's own (though many of his SONNETS are awe inspiring).
I took a year and a half of Shakespear courses in college and consider
those classes some of my favorite college experiences. Fortunately,
San Diego has one of the best Shakespeare productions in the world at the Old
Globe in Balboa Park. Contact them for student discounts, special discount days
and the possibility of volunteering to usher for a season. Repeated exposure
to the plays causes one to become quickly "fluent" in Elizabethan English.
In addition, most of his plays are available in film and can be rented. Don't
miss WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE'S ROMEO & JULIET set in modern times,
as well as many others staged in the costume of Shakespeare's period. His
comedies quickly grow on you, but the tragedies and historical plays also
cultivate an acquired taste with repeated exposure. The “Saint Crispin's Day”
speech in HENRY V is riveting (you can read or view this via the internet).
Minimal viewing: ROMEO & JULIET, HAMLET and MACBETH. Anything less will leave you with a significant
hole in your educational understanding and every day references.

THE ILLIAD Homer. The Trojan war. An excellent view into the foundation
of Western Culture.


THE ODESSY Homer. Classic hero, Ulysses (Odysseus) 7 year return from the
Trojan War. In depth look at Greek Culture.
(The Brad Pitt movie, "Troy" is very interesting, but
does NOT convey even a tenth of the impact of the book.

THE AENEID by Virgil tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who
travelled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans (the ancient
culture the US most resembles today) . The story of Aeneas' wanderings from
Troy to Italy, and the Trojans' ultimately victorious war upon the Latins,
under whose name Aeneas and his Trojan followers are destined to be subsumed.
The hero Aeneas was already known to Greco-Roman legend and myth, having been
a character in the Iliad, Virgil turned into a national epic that at tied Rome to the
legends of Troy. This and the above two texts constitute a major foundation of
Western Culture.

TOBACCO ROAD 1932 novel by Erskine Caldwell about Georgia sharecroppers,
NOT THE MOVIE, which was very poorly chosen attempt to make this very
serious theme a "comedy." Set during the Great Depression, the novel (one of only
two the author wrote - both made into plays and movies - which suffered terribly
in their movie versions due to censorship (God's Little Acre was HOT - far too much
so for movies in that day - today it would be NC-17 if true to the book) and the above "comedic" characterization) looks at the profound impact of poverty and ignorance
in the rural areas of the US. By far the best "version" I have been exposed to is the
cassette book available for free from the San Diego public library.
You won't forget this version....ever. "Comic" only in the profundity of
ignorance and its results...in fact, while it is a "tragedy" it does not have
a "downer" impact on the listener.

ARCHY AND MEHITABEL by Don Marquis - Archy is a cockroach writing
to his friend, a cat named Mehitabel, it is a fictional social commentary and
intended as a space-filler to allow Marquis to meet the challenge of writing a
daily newspaper column six days a week beginning in 1916. The insights were
so insightful and humorous the articles were later published in book form. Not
to be missed.
(I was lucky enough to see a musical play of this title in my
early 20s (I read the book while in high school)
.

RE SEX
Sex ed for children - when a child asks, "Where did I come from?" or "How
babies made?" This is THE book to read them, regardless of age:
WHERE DID I COME FROM by Peter Mayle 1973. ISBN 0-8184-0161-3
Gentle, FACTUAL and non-offensive to any religious orientation or
atheists. Be prepared - read it yourself - you might even learn something (or
at least gain an interesting way of looking at sex)
For adults:
KAMA SUTRA -an ancient Indian Hindu text widely considered to be the standard work on human sexual behavior in Sanskrit literature
THE JOY OF SEX
Some of the books written on
the TANTRA tradition and spiritual use of sex.


Parapsychology:

THE ART AND PRACTICE OF ASTRAL PROJECTION Ophiel
PEACH PUBLISHING CO./ GNOSTIC INSTITUTE.
Gives all the necessary theory and directions to enter the astral plane,
function there, and return with memory available. His techniques work.


ART AND PRACTICE OF GETTING MATERIAL THINGS THROUGH
CREATIVE VISUALIZATION
Ophiel
Step-by-step instruction and techniques to create more favorable circumstances for yourself in the Outer Physical Plane. Many would refer to this as "magic."


THE ROOTS OF COINCIDENCE: AN EXCURSION INTO PARAPSYCHOLOGY
by Koestler, Arthur
Discusses the possibility that ESP, telepathy, precognition, psycho kinesis and
clairvoyance may be as valid as psychology, which was also once ridiculed.


AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF A YOGI
by Parmahansa Yogananda
The life and teachings of the Hindu monk Paramahansa Yogananda who founded the colony on the ocean in Encinitas now famous for its surfing spot named after him: "Swami's." From his childhood in India that inspired his search for a spiritual teacher, the powers he mastered and the time that he spent in the West as a teacher himself, this book gives the facts of his life and the spiritual tenets by which he lived. Awe inspiring and stunning in revealing many of the
powers common to many of the advanced yogis of India. Both inspiring and
enlightening.

PSYCHIC DISCOVERIES BEHIND THE IRON CURTAIN
by Shelia Ostrander
Well-documented, in-depth books shed new light on the existence and meaning of paranormal and para psychological events & investigation of Russian para psychological research wherein evidence is offered indicating that the Russians have been successful in harnessing psychic energy.